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Showing all Radar Systems & Remote Sensing Laboratory projects
(listed by the project award date)

Radar Networking(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-30-2013)
ITTC researchers will explore how multiple radars can participate cooperatively with one another and other spectrum users, such as communication and navigation devices, within the same and/or nearby frequency bands.
Miniaturized, Power Efficient C-Band Telemetry(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 03-15-2013)
The overall objective is to successfully develop the concept and design of a miniaturized, power efficient C-Band telemetry transmitter.
Preamble Assisted Equalization for Aeronautical Telemetry (PAQ)(Status: Active -- Project Award Date: 03-06-2013)
This research is to identify equalization algorithms suitable for use with SOQPSK-TG that are capable of exploiting the presence of a periodically inserted pilot block.
Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 11-15-2012)
This grant is to develop a multichannel radar to provide small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with knowledge regarding the relative position and velocities of nearby objects (both mobile and fixed) that may pose a collision risk.
Production of Long-Range Passive RFID Tags(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 06-19-2012)
This grant is to develop high-grain RFID tag Antennas
Multidimensional Signal Processing for Sensing & Communications(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 06-01-2012)
The primary objective of this effort is to enhance sensitivity for radar and multi-mode communication systems in the presence of strong interference, especially clutter which is non-homogeneous, spread in Doppler, coherent with signals of interest, relatively high power, and can be coupled across the dimensions of space, slow-time, and fast-time according to the operating mode.
Dual S & C-Band Telemetry Transmitter System(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 04-10-2012)
Reductions and reallocations of telemetry wireless bandwidth have prompted the need for DoD agencies to adapt to operation in more restricted and less desirable frequency spectrum. Telemetering systems must evolve to address these frequency allocation changes, while retaining operational characteristics that are vital to MDA mission success.
Radar Networking(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 04-06-2011)
ITTC researchers will explore how multiple radars can participate cooperatively with one another and other spectrum users, such as communication and navigation devices, within the same and/or nearby frequency bands.
Intra-Pulse Radar-Embedded Communications(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 04-17-2008)
ITTC researchers will develop intra-pulse radar-embedded communications to facilitate covert communication. They aim to embed and recover covert data streams with kbps-level data rates.
Aspects of Adaptive Pulse Compression(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-01-2007)
Research will investigate aspects of adaptive pulse compression relevant to current and future sensing modalities.
Waveform-Diverse Sensors(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 11-30-2005)
Instead of dealing with interference as simply a deleterious effect, radar applications may use interference as additional sources of information without the requirement of greater bandwidth.
Kansas Universities' Technology Evaluation Satellite--the MIST Mission(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 02-09-2005)
Researchers are building and testing a miniature maneuvering control system in a neutral gravity environment by flying it as an experiment on the NASAJSC KC-135 or similar aircraft.
Planetary Advanced Radio Sounder(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 12-01-2004)
The University of Massachusetts-Lowell is supporting ITTC graduate student research for part of its work in NASA's Program for Regional Climate Assessment. The student will develop models in collaboration with NASA to simulate radar sounder performance.
Ice Thickness Measurements over the Antarctic Peninsula and Selected Outlet Glaciers(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-01-2004)
ITTC researhers will conduct airborne radar soundings from a Chilean aircraft. The gathered data from peninsula and outlet glaciers will help researchers study ice-sheet mass balance and glacier response to climate change.
Development of a Spatial/Frequency Domain Interferometry Radar System for the Measurement of Sea-Ice Thickness(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-30-2004)
Researchers are developing an airborne, interferometery radar system for the direct measurement of sea-ice thickness and extent. The radar will help scientists in their long-term climate predictions.
Phased-Array Antenna System Development(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 10-28-2003)
ITTC researchers are developing a phased-array antenna system for Honeywell. This will enable data downlinks from an airborne sensor suite at distances up to 20 miles. A prototype antenna system is being developed to demonstrate system feasibility.
Cryospheric Advanced Sensor (CAS): A Spaceborne Microwave Sensor for Sea Ice Thickness and Snow Cover Characteristics Instrument Incubator Program (IIP)(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-12-2003)
RSL researchers are developing a radar and its data acquisition system for field experiments. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) will use the system, specially designed for cold weather.
Model-Based Data Inversion to Estimate Accumulation Rate of Polar Ice Sheets(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-01-2003)
Researchers will develop numerically efficient model-based signal processing algorithms to invert collected remote sensing data. They will estimate the density and thickness profiles of the near-surface internal layers by model-based data inversion, and use them to compute the snow accumulation rate.
Optimal Space-Time Waveform Design of Adaptive, Multi-Mode Radar(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-01-2003)
This project will result in the mathematical and algorithmic knowledge required to construct adaptive space-time transmit waveforms that are optimal with respect to specific performance criteria. The efficacy of these methods shall be demonstrated and evaluated using numerical simulations and other mathematical measures.
High Resolution Ice Thickness and Plane Wave Mapping of Near-Surface Layers(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 07-15-2003)
Researchers are developing two compact radar systems. The first radar measures ice thickness, deep internal layers with high resolution, and basal conditions. The second radar will detect near-surface internal layers. This data will help scientists understand important glacial processes relevant to glacier dynamics and ice sheet mass balance.
KU Antenna Range Improvements (cont)(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 05-23-2003)
This project will increase the abilities of the University of Kansas Outdoor Antenna Range. The project's sponsor, Honeywell FM&T, will provide technical support.
Polar Radar for Ice Sheet Measurements (PRISM) Project (supplement) (Status: Active -- Project Award Date: 03-01-2003)
The system will be developed to collect, process, and analyze data in real time and in conjunction with a priori information derived from archived sources. The combined real-time and archived information will be used onboard the vehicles to select and generate an optimum sensor configuration.
Investigation of AQUA Response to Stratiform Precipitation Systems(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 02-01-2003)
Researchers will study the characteristics of cold extra-tropical storms. These are quite different from normal precipitation systems in the tropics. They will begin looking at cloud physics parameters by using microwave sensors.
Model-Based Signal Processing Algorithm for MIDP GPR(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 01-21-2003)
Researchers will develop an algorithm to help scientists learn what exists underneath Mars' surface. ITTC will perform the work under a two-year subcontract with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Ice-thickness Measurement over the Patagonian Glaciers and the Pine Island and Thwaites Glaciers, Antarctica(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-15-2002)
ITTC researchers will use airborne radar to measure the ice thickness of the Pagagonian ice fields in Chile and two different glaciers in Antarctica. This will be the first time the radar will attempt to measure a temperate ice sheet.
Radar Sounding and Airborne High-Resolution Mapping of Near-Surface Layers of the Greenland Ice Sheet(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-15-2002)
ITTC researchers will continue developing and fine-tuning radar to measure ice sheet thickness and snow accumulation rates. This radar will improve data collection over outlet glaciers and transition zones.
Development of a Monostatic/Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar System for Two-Dimensional Mapping of Basal Ice Conditions(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-01-2002)
A Ph.D. student in electrical engineering will develop a radar to help gather data on the basal conditions of the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets. The two-dimensional mapping radar system, similar to a topography map, will help establish more accurate ice flow models. Researchers will have evidence to help evaluate their theories on the melting polar ice sheets.
KU Antenna Range Capability Upgrade(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 05-20-2002)
The Radar Sensing and Remote Systems Laboratory will upgrade the University of Kansas Outdoor Antenna Range during the four-month project. The project description includes a detailed listing of the improvements.
A Radar Sounder for Measuring Sea Ice Thickness: A Feasibility Study(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 03-01-2002)
Prasad Gogineni, Deane E. Ackers Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering, and his team will create a wide-band radar that operates over a frequency range of 10-230 MHz. This will allow the radar to tell the difference between thicker ice caps and sea ice. It will be tested on the sea ice off the Alaska coast. Researchers will develop an instrument that is capable of direct measurements of ice thickness and can be put on an airplane to minimize environmental impact. The radar would have extensive mapping capabilities and could replace limited submarine and satellite sonar.
Validation of AMSR Snow Depth on Sea Ice Retrievals Using an Airborne Pulse Radar(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 03-01-2002)
The Remote Sensing Laboratory at ITTC is performing research to develop an airborne, stepped-pulse radar that will be able to validate the data on snow depth over sea ice, obtained by NASA's Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Microwave Imager (SSM/I) using a satellite-based passive microwave algorithm.
Mobile Sensor Web for Polar Ice Sheet Measurement (PRISM)(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 10-01-2001)
The system will be developed to collect, process, and analyze data in real time and in conjunction with a priori information derived from archived sources. The combined real-time and archived information will be used onboard the vehicles to select and generate an optimum sensor configuration.
Remote Sensing of East Antarctic Ice Streams(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-01-2000)
This research is aimed at determining the mass balance of East Antarctic ice streams by using surface, airborne and space-borne (in particular, RADARSAT) measurements of relevant ice stream characteristics.
Development of a Micropower Impulse Radar Based System for Detecting Vehicles at Railroad Crossings(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-13-2000)
The development effort is divided into six phases during which the technology will be designed, built, and tested before it is installed at the final pilot site of Maywood, Illinois. RSL will design an ultra-wideband radar system, build a working prototype, and test the hardware and software on a local site resembling the final pilot site.
Development and Evaluation of a Range-Gated Step-Frequency Radar(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 12-15-1999)
The Radar Systems and Remote Sensing Laboratory is currently working to develop and test a range-gated, step-frequency (RGSF) radar. The primary objectives are to design and build radar operating over the frequency range from 10 to a 1,000 MHz in different modes, and to test its performance in measuring properties of soils that may be similar to Martian soils.
Measurement of the Thickness of the Greenland Ice Sheet and High-Resolution Mapping of Internal Layers(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-15-1999)
As part of a long-term study, researchers from the Radar Systems and Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) travel north to Greenland almost every year to measure the ice sheet thickness. The objective of the project is to determine the mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet with an ultimate goal of directly linking ice sheet variations to changes in global sea level.
Development of a Hybrid RF/Laser Radar(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 03-08-1999)
In July 2001, NASA will launch ICESat. This satellite will provide data on ice sheet thickness in Greenland and Antarctica using the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS). This system works like a radar, but uses a laser to make its altitude measurements. NASA already has a similar system orbiting Mars.
Multi-Dimensional Signal Processing Algorithms for Sparse Radar Arrays(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 03-01-1999)
The goals of the TechSat 21 program involve developing the technologies required to successfully implement a concept where multiple, coherently- linked radar satellites are combined in a sparse cluster. This arrangement creates an overall sensor that provides precise angle-of-arrival (AOA) information by matching four measurements (azimuth, elevation, range, and Doppler mapping) with four key target descriptors (three dimensions of location and radial velocity).
Development of Radar System for Accumulation Rate Measurements(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-01-1998)
The goal is to develop ultra-wideband radar for determining accumulation rate, as well as to design and to develop the radar system, by using the latest RF and digital technologies.
High Resolution of Radar Characterization of Ice in the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Life(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 08-01-1997)
This project will design and construct a radar system capable of detecting and characterizing layers of ice on Mars to indicate there might once have been water there, suitable for the existence of life.
Multidisciplinary Research in Mine Detection and Neutralization Systems(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 01-20-1997)
Ground-Penetrating Radar has long been considered as a possible solution for detecting the presence of buried landmines. For obvious reasons, the probability of detection for all mine detection sensors is required to be extremely high, which unfortunately can lead to high false alarm rates when subsurface clutter (e.g., rocks, shell casings) are present. Thus, subsurface target detection is insufficient for demining; target classification is also required. A GPR sensor must collect sufficient information such that subsurface objects can be both detected and classified as either a mine or a clutter object. A major problem with this task is the vast diversity of mine target responses. There are hundreds of different models of mines that have been, or currently being, produced worldwide. In addition, the scattering responses from these mines are dependent on other factors such as soil dielectric and mine depth. A scattering feature common to most mines, but distinct from clutter objects, would thus be ideal for mine detection. There is in fact such a feature--since mines are man-made objects, they generally exhibit geometric symmetries that are not commonly found in clutter objects such as rocks. These symmetries manifest themselves in specific scattering responses as a function of spatial position and polarization. Our research involves exploiting this feature to reduce the false alarm rate associated with GPR demining. We use group theoretic techniques to identify all bistatic scattering features that are associated with a given symmetry. We also use group theoretic techniques to construct bistatic array processing algorithms for detecting and classifying subsurface targets. We likewise have developed and implemented a 3-dimensional, bistatic, Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) reverse-time migration-imaging algorithm such that detection and symmetry classification can be achieved with fine resolution. The efficacy of these techniques has been demonstrated using bistatic radar measurements collected at our GPR test facility.
Near-field Subsurface Imaging and Symmetry Detection(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 01-20-1997)
Our research involves exploiting this feature to reduce the false alarm rate associated with GPR demining. We use group theoretic techniques to identify all bistatic scattering features that are associated with a given symmetry.
Kansas Participation in Sea Winds Instrument Activities(Status: Completed -- Project Award Date: 09-15-1995)
SeaWinds is a scanning scatterometer that will fly on a Japanese spacecraft (ADEOS-II), which is also be equipped with an AMSR scanning multifrequency radiometer. Both instruments scan in conical patterns with complete coverage of the ocean surface.

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The Information and Telecommunication Technology Center at the University of Kansas has developed several assistance policies that enhance interactions between the Center and local, Kansas, or national companies. 

ITTC assistance includes initial free consulting (normally one to five hours). If additional support is needed, ITTC will offer one of the following approaches: 

Sponsored Research Agreement

Individuals and organizations can enter into agreements with KUCR/ITTC and provide funds for sponsored research to be performed at ITTC with the assistance of faculty, staff and students.

Licensing and Royalty/Equity Agreement

An ITTC goal is the development of investment-grade technologies for transfer to, and marketing by, local, Kansas, and national businesses. To enhance this process, the Center has developed flexible policies that allow for licensing, royalty, and equity arrangements to meet both the needs of ITTC and the company.

Commercialization Development

Companies with a technology need that can be satisfied with ITTC's resources can look to us for assistance. We can develop a relationship with interested partners that will provide for the development of a technology suited for commercialization.

ITTC Resource Access

ITTC resources, including computers and software systems, may be made available to Kansas companies in accordance with the Center's mission and applicable Regents and University policies.

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