Active Receive Antenna Bibliography

updated November 28, 2005


Albee, T.L.; "Broadband VLF loop antenna," U.S. Patent 3,953,799; 4 pgs, April 27, 1976 (pdf)

Baekgaard, K.E.; "Antenna circuit of the negative impedance type," U.S. Patent 4,442,434 ; 5 pgs, 1984.(pdf)

Bolens, W.W.; Tap, J.W.; "Constant band-width input stage with high Q antenna," U.S. Patent 2,787,704; 2 pgs, 1957.(pdf)

Burrus, T.W.; "Preamplifier for ADF loop antenna," U.S. Patent 4,314,252; 6 pgs, 1982.(pdf)

Fowler, C.W.; Penrod, B.M.; "Antenna low-noise Q spoiling circuit," U.S. Patent 4,314,378;; 5 pgs, 1982.(pdf)

Fusinski, R.E.; "Noise rejection antenna system for nonmetallic marine vessels," U.S. Patent 4,827,275; 9 pgs, 1989.(pdf)

Lindenmeier, H.; "Active broad-band reception antenna with reception level regulation," U.S. Patent Application US2004/0113854 A1; 30 pgs, June 17, 2004.(pdf)

Lindenmeier, H.; Hopf, J.; Reiter, L.; "Active broad-band reception antenna," U.S. Patent 6,603,435; 17 pgs, Aug. 5, 2003.(pdf)

Naito, M.; "Low noise lumped parameter active receiving antenna," U.S. Patent 5,172,126; 7 pgs, Dec. 15, 1992.(pdf)

Nordholt, E.H.; Willigen, D.V.; "Active aerial," U.S.Patent 4,414,690; 6 pgs, 1983.(pdf)

Rowser, A; Long, CD; Borland, G; "Miniature ultra-wideband active receiving antenna," U.S. Patent Application US2003/0227572 A1, 13 pgs, filed October 3, 2002. (pdf)

Schulz, H.; "Negative resistance antenna amplifier arrangement," U.S. Patent 3,633,109; 7 pgs, 1972. (pdf)

Steghafner, H.; "Active dipole antenna," German Patent 3405044, 6 pgs, August 29, 1985. (pdf in german)

Steghafner, H.; "Active dipole antenna with a passive blocking circuit," German Patent 3504719, 14 pgs, August 14, 1986. (pdf in german)

Steghafner, H.; "Push-pull amplifier for an active dipole antenna," German Patent 4310532, 6 pgs., October 6, 1994. (pdf in german)

Stott, H.B.; "High-inductance loop antenna and system," U.S. Patent 2,641,704; 5 pgs, 1953.(pdf)

Sutton, J.F.; "Active Antenna," U.S. Patent 5,296,866; 8 pgs, March 22, 1994.(pdf)

Sutton, JF; "Active Antenna," U.S. Patent 5,311,198; 5 pgs, May 10, 1994.(pdf)

Taguchi, M; "Active reception antenna with coplanar feeder," U.S. Patent 5,714,965; 8 pgs, Feb. 3, 1998.(pdf)

Turner, EM; Meinke, H.H.; Lindenmeier, H.; "Subminiature integrated antenna," U.S. Patent 3,521,169; 10 pgs, 1970.(pdf)

Wickersham, AF; Bell, R.L.; "Antenna incorporating active elements," U.S. Patent 3,098,973; 5 pgs, July 23, 1963.(pdf)

Papers and Reports

Abdulla, MN; "Electromagnetic modeling of active antennas with application to spatial power combingin," Ph.D. dissertation, North Carolina State University, 276 pgs, 1999.(pdf)

Al-Khateeb, B; Rabinovich, V; Oakley, B; "An active receiving antenna for short-range wireless communication," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 43(4), pp. 293-297, 2004. (pdf)
**** Used meandered lines, 200-400 MHz operation ****

An, H; Nauwelaers, B; Van de Capelle, A.; "Measurement techniques for active microstrip antennas," Electronics Letters, 29(18), pp. 1646-1647, 1993.(pdf)

An, H; Nauwelaers, B; Van de Capelle, A.; "Noise figure measurement of receiving active microstrip antennas," Electronics Letters, 29(18), pp. 1594-1596, 1993.(pdf)

Burhans, RW; "VLF active antennas," Radio Electronics, pp. 63-66, February 1983.(pdf)

Burhans, RW; "VLF active antennas-part 2," Radio Electronics, pp. 65-72, March 1983.(pdf)

Casey, JP; Bansal, R.; "Analysis and optimization of an electrically small receiving antenna," IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, 33(3), pp. 197-204, 1991.(pdf)

Copeland, JR; W.J. Robertson; R.G. Verstraete; "Antennafier arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 227-233, March 1964.(pdf)

Daniel, J-P; "Mutual coupling between antennas for emission or reception -- application to passive and active dipoles," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 22(2), pp. 347-349, 1974. (pdf)

Daniel, J-P; Terret, C; "Mutual coupling between atnennas -- optimization of transistor paramters in active antenna design," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 23(3), pp. 513-516, 1975. (pdf)

Daniel, J-P; "Reduction of mutual coupling between active monopoles: application to superdirective receiving arrays," IEEE Transactions of Antennas and Propagation, AP-25(6), pp. 737-741, 1977. (pdf)

Duerr, W; "A low-noise active receiving antenna using a SiGe HBT," IEEE Microwave and Guided Wave Letters, 7(3), pp. 63-65, 1997. (pdf)

Fredrick, JD; Itoh, T; "Recent developments in RF front ends based upon active antenna concepts," TELSIKS 2001, pp. 3-9, 2001. (pdf)

Gentges, F; "The AMRAD active LF antenna," QST, pp. 31-37, September 2001.(pdf)

Gonzales, V; Rodriguez, J.M.; Gonzalez, J.E.; Rueda, C.; Pascual, C.M.; ; "Design methodology for high efficiency active radiators," Microwave Journal, pp. 168-174, September 2001. (pdf)

Grabherr, W; Menzel, W; "Broadband, low-noise active receiving microstrip antenna," Proceedings of the 24th European Microwave Conference, Part 2, pp. 1785-1790, 1994. (pdf)

Hopf, J; Lindenmeier, H; "Active loop antenna," IEEE Conference on Antenna and Propagation, pp. 560-563, May 1982.(pdf)

Kanda, M; "Analytical and numerical techniques for analyzing an electrically short dipole with a nonlinear load," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 28(1), pp. 71-78, 1980.(pdf)

Landstorfer, P.M.; "New developments in VHF/UHF antennas," International Conference on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 132-141, 1978.(pdf)

Lindenmeier, H.K.; "Design of electrically small broadband receiving antennas under consideration of nonlinear distortions in amplifier elements," Antennas and Propagation Symposium, pp. 242-245, 1976.(pdf)

Lindermeier, H.K.; "The active receiving antenna an appropriate element for HF-radio reception," Fourth International Conference on HF Radio Systems and Techniques, pp. 151-155, 11-14 April 1988.(pdf)

Lipskiy, V.K.; "Calculation of the parameters of a broadband active magnetic antenna," Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, 47(3), pp. 73-75, 1992.(pdf)

Matsui, T.; "A wide-band FET antenna and its calibration," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 40(1), pp. 47-49, February 1991.(pdf)

Meinke, H.H.; Landstorfer, F.M.; "Noise and bandwidth limitations with transistorized antennas," IEEE International Antenna and Propagation Symposium, pp. 245-246, 1968.(pdf)

Nickel, U; "Superresolution using an active antenna array," Radar-82: International Conference, pp. 87.91, 1982. (pdf)

Nordholt, E.H.; Van Willigen, D.; "A new approach to active antenna design," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP-28(6), pp. 904-910, November 1980.(pdf)

Panton, W.R.; Beyer, J.B.; "The noise performance of an active, linear antenna array for reception," IEEE MTT-S Digest, pp. 317-320, 1994. (pdf)

Pattnaik, SS; Devi, S; Satheesan, PA; Das, AL; Sinha, BK; "Broadband active microstrip antenna for lower UHF applications," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 14(1), pp. 28-31, 1997. (pdf)
**** Rx operation from 370 to 740 MHz ****

Rangole, PK; Saini, SP; Sharma, ID; "The bandwidth of a transistorised active antenna," Journal of the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, 20, pp. 42-44, 1974. (pdf)

Rivera, DF; Casey, JP; "Approximate capacitance formuals for electrically small tubular monopole antennas," Naval Undersea Warfare Center Division Technical Report 10,817, 73 pages, 1995. (pdf)

Rohner, C.; "Antenna basics," Rohde & Schwarz, 27 pgs, November 1999. (pdf)

Sainati, R.A.; "Noise performance of broadband amplifiers for use with electrically small antennas," Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, 367 pgs. 1978.

Sainati, R.A.; Fessenden, D.E.; "Performance of an electrically small antenna amplifier circuit," IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 17(1), pp. 88-92, 1981.(pdf)
**** Broadband low-noise FET amplifier design ****

Sainati, R.A.; "Active antenna performance limitation," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 30(6), pp. 1265-1267, November 1982.(pdf)

Samaddar, S.N.; "Preliminary study of some antenna elements which have potential usefulness as ultrawideband radiators," Naval Research Laboratory, NRL/MR/5341-95-7794, 41 pgs, Nov. 24, 1995.(pdf)

Segovia-Vargas, D; Gonzalez-Posadas, V; Castro-Galan, D; Vazquez, JL; Rojo, E, "Broad band active receiving microstrip antenna for DCS-UMTS," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Symposium, pp. 3935-3938, 2004. (pdf)
**** Measurement technique for assessing active receive antenna preformance ****

Skahill, G.; Rudish, R.M.; Piero, J.; "Electrically small, efficient, wide-band, low-noise antenna elements," Proceedings of the 1998 Antenna Applications Symposium; Univ. of Massachusetts, pp. 214-231, AFRL-SN-RS-TR-1999-86, 1999.(pdf)

Sosunov, B.V.; "On the effectiveness of active antennas," Radio Engineering and Electronic Physics, 21(1), pp. 120-121, January 1976.(pdf)

Taguchi, M.; Wakimoto, Y.; Komine, I.; Tanaka, K.; "Active dipole antenna for television receiver," Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, AP-S. Digest , Volume: 1 , pp. 636-639, June 1994.(pdf)

Tan, G.H.; Rohner, C.; "The low frequency array active antenna system," Proc. SPIE - Radio Telescopes; Vol. 4015, Harvey R. Butcher; Ed., pp. 446-457, July 2000. (pdf)

Tang, T; Gunn, MW; "A broadband low-noise active antenna," 20th International Radio & Electronics Engineering Convention, Sydney, Australia, 1985. (pdf)

Thansandote, A.; S.S. Stuchly; M.A. Stuchly; M. Barski; "Broadband active E-field sensors for measurement of transients," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 40(2), pp. 465-468, April 1991.(pdf)

Wahi, PK; Kron, SE; "Active small broadband antennas for EMI testing," EE: Evaluation Engineering, 30(6), pp. 37-38 & 40, 1991. (pdf)

Warnagiris, TJ; Minardo, TJ; "Performance of a meandered line as an electrically small transmitting antenns," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 46(12), pp. 1797-1801, 1998. (pdf)
**** Meandered lines offer higher radiation resistance ****

Wong, W.C.; "Signal and noise analysis of a loop-monopole active antenna," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 547-580, July 1974.(pdf)

Wu, X.D.; Chang, K.; "Integrated active slot dipole antenna amplifier," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 6(15), pp. 856-857. 1993.(pdf)

Cited papers on amplifier noise

Braun,G; "Analysis of GaAs-FET noise properties at VHF-/UHF-frequencies," Proceedings : 1988 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland, vol. 3, pp. 2605 - 2608, June 7-9, 1988.(pdf)

Pucel, R.A.; Masse, D.J.; Krumm, C.F.;"Noise performance of gallium arsenice field-effect transisitors," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 11(2), pp. 243-255, April 1976. (pdf)

Rothe, H.; Dahlke, W.; "Theory of noisy fourpoles," Proceedings of the IRE, pp. 811-818, June 1956.(pdf)

Statz, H.; Haus, H.A.; Pucel, R.A.; "Noise characteristics of gallium arsenide field-effect transistors," IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 21(9), pp. 549-562, September 1974.(pdf)

Other info on active antenna

Purdie, I.; "Active receiving antennas,", 1999 (pdf)
Purdie, I.; "Active receiving antennas,", 2002 (pdf)

Other info on amplifier noise

Radmanesh, MM; Radio frequency and microwave electronics illustrated, Prentice Hall PTR, 2001, pp. 473-475. (pdf)

Dublin Institute of Technology, Yuri Panarin lecture notes (
Noise sources (pdf)
Noise models (pdf)
Noise analysis (pdf)

Siliconix application note, "Low-noise JFETs -- superior performance to bipolars," March 10, 1997. (pdf)

Active antenna products

Credence Technologies Inc.
CTS011 30 MHz to 2 GHz

Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co.
HE500 brochure 20 MHz to 3 GHz
HE500 specifications
HE500 technical information

RF Systems DX500 Active Antenna DX500 Active Antenna